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Socio-Economic Research

Get the latest trends, demographics, best practices and supply and demand indicators. Topics include housing affordability, homelessness, social housing and more.

Affordable Housing Challenges & Innovations in the North

This summary from the May 1, 2013, Canadian Housing and Renewal Association (CHRA) Congress Session looks at the common housing challenges faced in the Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut.

170.04 KB

Alternative Sources of Capital for Social and Affordable Housing

Access to capital has been one of the critical issues affecting the health and long-term viability of social and affordable housing. BC Housing, in partnership with Housing Services Corporation and the Real Estate Foundation of BC, conducted research on six alternative models of bringing capital into the sector to address growing demand.

4.19 MB

Alternative Sources of Capital for the Social/Affordable Housing Sector in Canada

This research reviewed and analyzed different models of alternative capital for the social/affordable sector. Four models were selected and nine case studies conducted on the following: hybrid legal structures, social and affordable housing real estate investment trusts, capital raising and lending facilities and housing bonds. The research provides practical information about the feasibility of implementing one or more of these approaches in the future.

392.65 KB

BC Housing Seniors Housing Intentions Survey

This research aimed to learn more about the types of housing and related supports that will be needed in B.C. over the medium and long term as a larger proportion of the population becomes seniors.

2.18 MB

Building Knowledge - Modular & Prefabricated Housing

Highlights only. Please refer to the full report, "Modular and Prefabricated Housing - Literature Scan of Ideas, Innovations, and Considerations to Improve Affordability, Efficiency, and Quality," for more information.

313.41 KB

Building Knowledge: Housing Project Profiles - Apple Valley, Kelowna

A brief study of the Apple Valley mixed-use residential and commercial strata development project, which resulted in 72 rental housing units for low- to moderate-income seniors and people with disabilities. This facility also has a recreation centre for tenants with a fireside lounge and library, a multi-purpose room, meeting rooms, a large community kitchen, a billiards/shuffleboard room and a six-lane bowling alley.

963.71 KB

Building Knowledge: Housing Project Profiles - Veneto Place, Fernie

A brief study of the Veneto Place project. This affordable housing complex for low-to-moderate-income families, seniors and people with disabilities was developed through an innovative public-private partnership in response to a need identified by the community regarding Fernie’s lack of affordable housing and its impact on growth and development opportunities.

1.60 MB

Building Knowledge: Research Highlights - Defining Success for Supportive Housing Projects in British Columbia

Using case studies, this research looks at how housing providers define success for their supportive housing sites and how they plan to demonstrate those successes.

473.73 KB

Building Knowledge: Research Highlights - Effective Strategies for Relocating Residents: SRO Renewal Initiative Temporary Resident Relocations Case Study

BC Housing launched the SRO Renewal Initiative in 2013 to renovate and restore 13 government-owned single-room-occupancy (SRO) hotels. This case study looks at how BC Housing worked with the SRO operators to support the residents during the renovation process, including risks, mitigation strategies and lessons learned.

390.95 KB

Building Knowledge: Research Summaries - Modular Housing: Benefits, Challenges and Lessons Learned

Modular housing is housing that is partially built in a plant, shipped to a development site and placed on a foundation, where the roof structure and exterior finishes are completed. This study, based on a stakeholders focus group, looks at its potential benefits and challenges to determine the ideal modular construction form.

919.67 KB

Building Knowledge: Research Summaries - Second Stage Housing in BC

This study aimed to get a better understanding of how BC Housing-funded second stage housing programs operate, including services provided, housing type and staffing models. This study can inform policy and program decisions and help housing providers considering or developing new second stage housing programs.

145.51 KB

Building Knowledge: Research Summaries - Understanding Food Programs at BC Housing’s Directly Managed Sites

These research highlights look at the benefits and challenges of on-site food programs at 82 BC Housing directly managed sites, including community kitchens, garden programs, food delivery and free or low-cost group meals.

815.78 KB

Building Knowledge: Research Summaries - Understanding Safe Homes in B.C.

This report summarizes the findings of a study looking at the current state of services in the Safe Home Program. The study aims to get a better understanding of the program and how it operates, not provide an analysis of the services needed or current best practices.

683.54 KB

Business Transformation: Promising Practices for Social and Affordable Housing in Canada

Housing Partnership Canada (HPC) commissioned this research study to explore emerging business practices and new approaches with regard to the development, operation and sustainability of social housing in Canada.

982.03 KB

Business Transformation: Promising Practices for Social and Affordable Housing in Canada - Case Studies

These case studies formed the basis of the Housing Partnership Canada (HPC) research study into emerging business practices and new approaches with regard to the development, operation and sustainability of social housing in Canada.

1.20 MB

Community-led Neighbourhood Revitalization in Social Housing

This summary from the May 2, 2013, Canadian Housing and Renewal Association (CHRA) Congress Session examines how the substantive transformations in three projects brought considerable improvements in community safety, social cohesion and other social and economic outcomes.

223.65 KB

Expiring Operating Agreements - Planning Guide

This guide aims to help non-profit housing society boards and administrators raise awareness of the challenges and opportunities with expiring operating agreements, set out a step-by-step process of determining a project’s financial viability and social sustainability and present options for consideration.

3.78 MB

Final Report of the Vulnerability Assessment Tool (VAT) Evaluation 2017

This final report presents the findings of BC Housing’s evaluation of the effectiveness of VAT and whether or not this tool should continue to be used to help establish housing priority.

465.38 KB

Final Report of the Vulnerability Assessment Tool Evaluation 2017 Executive Summary

Highlights only. Please refer to the full report, “Final Report of the Vulnerability Assessment Tool Evaluation – Narrative Summary of Quantitative Results and Qualitative Findings,” for more information.

231.45 KB

Fostering Inclusion for Newcomers to Ottawa

This summary from the May 2013, Canadian Housing and Renewal Association (CHRA) Congress session focuses on the work carried out to support the economic, social and civic success of newcomers to Ottawa, as well as the critical role that affordable housing plays. Although these brief case studies are Ottawa-focused, the issues raised are pan-Canadian in scope and the lessons apply to cities and towns from coast to coast to coast.

202.19 KB

Homeless Outreach Practises - BC Communities - Highlights

Brief highlights of the study that identify top
 outreach 
practices
, such as treating 
homeless 
persons 
respectfully 
so 
they 
feel 
valued,

 maintaining 
links 
with 
housing 
providers and
 maintaining 
links 
with 
community 
service 
agencies.


82.04 KB

Homeless Outreach Practises in BC Communities - Vol. 2: Outreach Program Profiles

Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC), in collaboration with BC Housing and the Housing Policy Branch of the BC Ministry of Energy and Mines, commissioned this research to examine federally and provincially funded outreach models. It looks at what makes outreach programs effective in communities of varying sizes and types, as well as identifying effective practices in homeless outreach services and how they may differ in rural/small town, urban and suburban communities. Volume 2 of the research profiles the six outreach programs.

516.90 KB

Homeless Outreach Practises in BC Communities Vol. 1

Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC), in collaboration with BC Housing and the Housing Policy Branch of the BC Ministry of Energy and Mines, commissioned this research to examine federally and provincially funded outreach models. It looks at what makes outreach programs effective in communities of varying sizes and types, as well as identifying effective practices in homeless outreach services and how they may differ in rural/small town, urban and suburban communities.

310.50 KB

Housing Need and Demand Study - 2010

This document acts as a template to help project sponsors across B.C. in developing need and demand studies. It analyzes the extent of the need for affordable housing in a community based on current need, newly arising need (demand) and supply.

120.79 KB

Housing Needs and Demands Study (Template)

Ensures the need identification process is consistent, and the resulting project evaluations and decisions are fair to all need groups and across all regions of the Province. This document was developed to assist project sponsors in developing need and demand studies.

44.46 KB

International Examples of Affordable Homeownership

This research project provides insight on 10 affordable homeownership programs and supports that are operating in the United Kingdom, Australia and the United States. It further explores program tools and provides suggestions on how the tools might work in Canada.

328.24 KB

Maintaining Housing Guidebook - for Emergency Shelter & Outreach Service Providers

This tool kit provides client-centered and practical suggestions to support clients in staying housed. As each client’s situation is different, and availability of local services varies dramatically, this guide is not a one-size-fits-all checklist. The information here comes from front-line workers throughout B.C. and research in the area of homelessness.

1.72 MB

Measuring Tenant Outcomes at Sanford Apartments: First Year of Operations, July 2012 to June 2013

The purpose of this report is to measure the success of tenant outcomes following Sanford Apartments’ first year of operations. Collecting data for outcome indicators helps create a body of evidence-based research to measure the need for and success of programs to funders, as well as helping service providers ensure they are accountable to their stakeholders.

304.69 KB

Minimizing and Managing Neighbourhood Resistance to Affordable and Supportive Housing Projects

There is often resistance to the people to be housed in a proposed development, particularly in the case of social or supportive projects housing the poor or people struggling with some combination of physical or mental illness, or addiction. This study identifies different strategies for addressing that tenant-based resistance.

2.32 MB

Modular and Prefabricated Housing - Literature Scan of Ideas, Innovations, and Considerations to Improve Affordability, Efficiency, and Quality

The primary purpose of this study is to identify ideas, practices and innovations that help maximize the potential benefits of prefab and modular construction for affordable housing, suggesting challenges and considerations with each idea, practice and innovation. The study also tries to determine how to maximize efficiencies of modular and prefab products to examine potential use of these forms of housing as emergency lodging.

2.88 MB

Pathways Out of Homelessness - 2011

This study identifies the key factors influencing the housing successes of people who were formerly homeless and those who maintained housing for six months or more, looking at what worked well for people and what were the main challenges they had to overcome. Metro Vancouver commissioned the research in partnership with BC Housing.

577.16 KB

Research Study Exploring Best Practices and Lessons Learned with Small Market Units

The study aimed to learn what is or is not working well with small market housing development, and how future development can be informed by this insight. The study included interviews with 22 key informants, an online survey of occupants of small homes, a focus group with occupants of small homes in Vancouver, B.C. and a review of secondary research studies of occupants’ experiences in small units.

3.17 MB

Research Study on Scoping a Registry of Accessible and Adaptable Homes in British Columbia

This study determines whether a registry of accessible and adaptable housing in B.C. would be useful to match up the supply of this type of housing with people who need it. It also examines what would be the key features, format and data sources, and who could be potential funders and partners.

794.27 KB

Social Finance for Affordable Housing

This summary from the May 2013 Canadian Housing and Renewal Association (CHRA) Congress session highlights the roles that different forms of social finance played in developing three affordable housing communities, and identifies lessons that housing providers might draw from these projects to apply to their own work.

189.54 KB

Social Return on Investment (SROI) Report

This current social return on investment (SROI) analysis was based on four case studies of Community Partnership Initiative-supported affordable housing developments to show the social value created and the value of investing in the creation of affordable housing in B.C.

675.62 KB

The Renewal of Trust in Residential Construction: Part II, Volume 1

The first volume of Dave Barrett's inquiry in 2000 into the quality of condominium construction in B.C. deals with the need to provide compensation to homeowners facing repairs as a result of premature building envelope failure.

150.40 KB

The Renewal of Trust in Residential Construction: Part II, Volume 2

The second volume of Dave Barrett's inquiry in 2000 into the quality of condominium construction in B.C. deals with the history of home warranties in B.C. and the failure of New Home Warranty of B.C. Inc., as well as the BC Building Code, industry, government and health as it pertained to premature building envelope failure.

3.08 MB

Understanding Women’s Safe Home Programs in BC

The study aimed to get a better understanding of the safe home programs and how they each operate, including successes, challenges, lessons learned, after-hours coverage, safe home facilities, staffing structures and partnerships.

840.27 KB

Understanding Women’s Second Stage Housing Programs in BC

This study sought a better understanding of how BC Housing-funded second stage housing programs operate. This included looking at the services provided, housing form and staffing models. Second stage program providers can use this report to learn how other second stage housing programs operate.

645.81 KB